Contents

Contents

Contents: Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION TO NAVIGATING ANYPLACE WILD

  • THE CHOICES

Choosing an Activity
Choosing an Area
Choosing a Time of Year

  • PLANNING A ROUTE

Deciding Factors
Gathering Information

  • TIME AVAILABLE AND ESTIMATES

Nature of the terrain
The fitness & experience of the party
The weight of your equipment
Expected weather conditions
Estimating time of completion
Adjusting your time estimates
Turn Around Times

  • ACCESS
  • SELECTION OF CAMPSITES

Contents: Chapter 2: SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS

The Route Card
The Mountain Register
Escape Routes / Alternative Routes
Our Available Assistance
Changing Plans during the trip

Contents: Chapter 3: WHAT IS DIRECTION

  • BASE LINES

True North
Magnetic North
Grid North
Magnetic Declination & Mean Annual Change

  • METHODS OF EXPRESSING DIRECTION

Azimuth – Bearing
True Bearing
Magnetic Bearing
Grid Bearings
Degree
Milradian
Grad
Points

Contents: Chapter 4: OUR NAVIGATIONAL TOOL BOX

  • THE MAP

Types of Maps
Supplementary Map Information
Sources of Maps
Care of Maps
Locating Places – Grid Systems
Scale
Conventional Signs
Methods of Depicting Relief on a Map
Elevation
Slopes
Terrain Features
Interpretation of Terrain Features
Slope Profiles

  • THE COMPASS

Types of Compasses
Uses of a Compass
Problems Experienced with Compasses

  • THE ROAMER
  • THE MAP PROTRACTOR
  • THE ALTIMETER

How it works and points to note.

  • GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS (GPS)
  • IMPROVISED NAVIGATION
  • STAR NAVIGATION

The Constellations

Other ways to tell direction
Shadow Stick Method
Watch Method.

Contents: Chapter 5: NAVIGATIONAL SKILLS

  • ESTIMATING TIME

Naismith’s Rule
Tranter’s Variation of Naismith’s Rule
The Vertical Heights System of Estimating Time

  • ESTIMATING DISTANCE

Timing Charts
Pacing
Conditions Under Foot

  • ORIENTING THE MAP

Using Terrain Association
Using a Compass to Set Maps

  • CALCULATING BEARINGS

What are Bearings?
Calculating Bearings on a Map
Sighting Bearings with a Compass from a Feature

  • CONVERSION OF BEARINGS

Errors and Their Results

  • IDENTIFYING PEAKS AND FEATURES

Finding Yourself
Resection
Resection onto a Linear Feature (Intersection)

  • FOLLOWING A ROUTE

Keeping Direction

  • DIFFERENT TYPES OF TERRAIN

Desert Terrain
Mountain Terrain
Jungle Terrain
Arctic Terrain
Just for Fun

Contents: Chapter 6: RESTRICTED VISIBILITY NAVIGATION

  • TOOLS FOR RESTRICTED VISIBILITY (RV) NAVIGATION

Person in Front
Using a Rope
Aiming Off
Attack Points
Ridge Walking
Walking Parallel to Steep Ground
Handrails
Using the Aspect of the Slope
Contouring
Cells
Precision
When Mist or Cloud is Approaching
High Winds

  • SEARCHING FOR A POINT

Intervisible Sweep
Box Search

Contents: Chapter 7: IF LOST

How Not To Get Lost
Useful Aids

Contents: Chapter 8: MODEL ANSWERS

Do you want to know more about outdoor skills?

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